Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 22. Chapters: ZSU-57-2, 2K12 Kub, 9K22 Tunguska, 9K31 Strela-1, 9K35 Strela-10, 9K33 Osa, 2K11 Krug, Cat House radar, Ranzhir-M. Excerpt: The ZSU-57-2 (Obyekt 500) is a Soviet self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG), armed with two 57 mm autocannons. ZSU stands for Zenitnaya Samokhodnaya Ustanovka (Russian: ), meaning anti-aircraft self-propelled mount, 57 stands for the bore of the armament in millimetres and 2 stands for the number of gun barrels.
It was the first Soviet mass produced tracked SPAAG. In the USSR it had the unofficial nickname Sparka, meaning pair, referring to the twin autocannon with which the vehicle is armed. During World War II, ground-attack aircraft emerged as a significant threat to mechanized units on the move. Conventional towed anti-aircraft (AA) artillery was an inadequate response under such conditions due to the time needed for bringing anti-aircraft machine guns into action.
This experience made it clear that an anti-aircraft tracked vehicle, armed with small-bore autocannons or heavy machine guns, was needed. Vehicles such as the German Wirbelwind had been used to good effect in the final battles of World War II.
In 1942, Soviet engineers developed the T-60-3. The vehicle, based on the T-60 light tank chassis, was armed with two 12.7 mm DShK heavy machine guns- but the prototype did not go into production because of flaws in the design. The SU-72 SPAAG and several other experimental vehicles based on the T-60 or T-70 light tank chassis and armed with 37 mm autocannon were also tested in 1942-1943.
The ZSU-37 was based on the chassis of the SU-76M self propelled gun (SPG) and armed with a 37 mm 61K anti-aircraft autocannon in an open-top rotating armoured turret. The vehicle entered production in February 1945 and was in small-scale production until 1948. After World War II it became ...